Seoul: Jongmyo Shrine (종묘) – Ancestral Shrine of Choson Kings

Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea

One of Korea’s most precious cultural monuments | Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea

Jongmyo (종묘) is a Confucian shrine dedicated to the perpetuation of memorial services for the deceased kings and queens of the Korean Joseon Dynasty (1392–1897). According to UNESCO, the shrine is the oldest royal Confucian shrine preserved and the ritual ceremonies continue a tradition established in the 14th century. Such shrines existed during the Three Kingdoms of Korea period (57-668), but these have not survived. The Jongmyo Shrine was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1995.

Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea

Main Entrance | Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea

Jongmyo is adjacent to Changdeokgung and Changgyeonggung in the south. They used to be connected in the Joseon period but were separated by a road built by Japanese colonialists. Nowadays there is a construction plan to recover the original structure of the shrine.

Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea

Shrine map | Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea

The main buildings of Jongmyo were constructed in October 1394 when Taejo, the first king of Joseon Dynasty, moved the capital to Seoul. It was destroyed by fire in the Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98), then rebuilt in 1608.

Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea

The path for the spirits | Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea

HISTORY

When it was built in 1394 by order of King Taejo, the Jongmyo Shrine was thought to be one of the longest buildings in Asia, if not the longest. The main hall, known as Jeongjeon, had seven rooms. Each room was reserved for a king and his queen. The complex was expanded by King Sejong (r. 1418–50) who ordered the construction of Yeongnyeongjeon (Hall of Eternal Comfort).

Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea

Calm and peaceful place | Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea

his practice of expansion continued, with the growth of the complex moving from west to east, because of the need to house more memorial tablets during the reigns of later kings until there were a total of 19 rooms. However, during the Seven-Year War (1592–98), Japanese invaders burned down the original shrine and a new complex was constructed in 1601 and has survived to this day.

Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea

A Confucian shrine honoring Joseon rulers | Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea

The original tablets were saved in the invasion by hiding them in the house of a commoner and also survive.  A king’s tablets were enshrined three years after his death. There are 19 memorial tablets of kings and 30 of their queens, placed in the 19 chambers. Each room is very simple and plain in design. Only two kings’ memorial tablets are not enshrined here. In addition to the tablet, there is a panel listing each king’s accomplishments.

The current Jeongjeon is National treasure of Korea No. 227 and is the longest building in Korea of traditional design. | Wikipedia 

Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea

Jaegung Area | Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea


ADMISSION

  • Adults (ages 19 and over): 1,000 won
  • Youth (ages 7-18): 500 won
Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea

A tour guide is available in English, Japanese and Chinese| Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea

Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea

Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea


INFORMATION

  • Address: 157, Jong-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul
  • Contact info: +82-2-1330 (Korean, English, Japanese, Chinese); +82-2-765-0195, +82-2-2174-3636
  • Website: tour.jongno.go.kr (Korean, English, Japanese, Chinese); www.cha.go.kr (Korean, English)
Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea

Jongmyo Shrine was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1995 | Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea

Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea

A Tupang Gala lost in Jongmyo | Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea


DIRECTIONS

  • Subway
    Jongno3(sam)-ga Station (Seoul Subway Line 1, 3, 5) and Exit 11.
  • Bus
    Take Bus No. 111, 201, 260, 262, 270, 271, 721, N15, N62 or 9301 and get off at Jongno 4(sa)-ga Jongmyo Shrine Bus Stop.
Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea

An important cultural site | Jongmyo Shrine (종묘), Jongno-gu, Seoul, S. Korea


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MAP


TUPANG GALA SOUTH KOREA TOUR

SEOUL: Korea War Memorial  |  Chenggyecheon Stream  |  Gyeongbokgung Palace  |  Gwanghwamun Square  |  Cheongwadae (Blue House)  |  Jongmyo Shrine  |  Ihwa-Dong Mural Village  |  Marronnier Park  |  Naksan Park  |  National Folk Museum  |  National Palace Museum  |   Seoul Fortress  |  Sungnyenum Gate  |  Dongdaemun Gate  |  Bukchon Hanok Village  |  Deoksugung Palace

PAJU: Imjingak DMZ

Bukchon Hanok Village (북촌한옥마을) Jongno, Seoul, South Korea

Bukchon Hanok Village (북촌한옥마을) Jongno, Seoul, South Korea

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Comments


  1. May 13, 2019

    […] |  Gyeongbokgung Palace  |  Gwanghwamun Square  |  Cheongwadae (Blue House)  |  Jongmyo Shrine  |  Ihwa-Dong Mural Village  |  Marronnier Park  |  Naksan Park  |  National Folk […]

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